Guidelines for Families of Patients in Home Isolation Due to COVID-19 Symptoms

If you are living with someone who might have or does have COVID-19 or come into close contact with them, please monitor your health.

Call your health care provider right away if you develop symptoms such as fever of 100 F or higher, cough and shortness of breath.

Close contacts should also follow these recommendations:
Make sure that you understand and can help the patient follow their health care provider’s instructions for medication(s) and care. You should help the patient with basic needs in the home and provide support for getting groceries, prescriptions and other personal needs.

Monitor the patient’s symptoms. If the patient is getting sicker, call his or her health care provider and tell them that the patient has laboratory-confirmed COVID-19. This will help the health care provider’s office take steps to keep other people in the office or waiting room from getting infected. Ask the healthcare provider to call the local or state health department f or additional guidance. If the patient has a medical emergency and you need to call 911, notify the dispatch personnel that the patient has or is being evaluated for COVID-19.

Household members should stay in another room or be separated from the patient as much as possible. Household members should use a separate bedroom and bathroom, if available.

Ask visitors who do not have an essential need to bein the home to stay away.

Household members should care for any pets in the home. Do not handle pets or other animals while sick. For more information, see the CDC’s guidance on COVID-19 and Animals.

Make sure that shared spaces in the home have good airflow, such as by an air conditioner or an opened window, weather permitting.

Perform hand hygiene frequently. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains 60 to 95% alcohol, covering all surfaces of your hands and rubbing them together until they feel dry. Soap and water should be used preferentially if hands are visibly dirty.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.

You and the patient should wear a facemask if you are in the same room.

Wear a disposable facemask and gloves when you touch or have contact with the patient’s blood, stool or body fluids, such as saliva, sputum, nasal mucus, vomit or urine.
– Throw out disposable facemasks and gloves after using them. Do not reuse.
– When removing personal protective equipment, first remove and dispose of gloves. Then, immediately clean your hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Next, remove and dispose of facemask, and immediately clean your hands again with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Avoid sharing household items with the patient. You should not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding or other items. After the patient uses these items, you should wash them thoroughly (see below, “wash laundry thoroughly”).

Clean all high-touch surfaces, such as counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, phones, keyboards, tablets, and bedside tables, everyday. Also, clean any surfaces that may have blood, stool or body fluids on them.
– Use a household cleaning spray or wipe, according to the label instructions. Labels contain instructions for safe and effective use of the cleaning product including precautions you should take when applying the product, such as wearing gloves and making sure you have good ventilation during use of the product.

Wash laundry thoroughly.
– Immediately remove and wash clothes or bedding that have blood, stool or body fluids on them.
– Wear disposable gloves while handling soiled items and keep soiled items away from your body. Clean your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer immediately after removing your gloves.
– Read and follow directions on labels of laundry or clothing items and detergent. In general, using a normal laundry detergent according to washing machine instructions and dry thoroughly using
the warmest temperatures recommended on the clothing label.

Place all used disposable gloves, facemasks and other contaminated items in a lined container before disposing of them with other household waste. Clean your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer immediately after handling these items. Soap and water should be used preferentially if hands are visibly dirty.

Discuss any additional questions with your state or local health department or health care provider.
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Home health care personnel should refer to Interim Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Patients with Known or Patients Under Investigation for Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19) in a Healthcare Setting.

Close contact is defined as:
a) Being within approximately 6 feet (2 meters) of a COVID-19 case for a prolonged period of time; close contact can occur while caring for, living with,
visiting, or sharing a health care waiting area or room with a COVID-19 case
–or –
b) Having direct contact with infectious secretions of a COVID-19 case (e.g., being coughed on).

Call our local COVID-19 Call Center with questions
Call our local COVID-19 Call Center at 712.722.8324. This number is answered 24/7 by a registered nurse with access to on-call doctor. Our trained team is happy to help you with your questions.

Source: Centers for Disease Control (CDC.gov)